Employers await the implementation date for new balloting requirements under the Trade Union Act 2016.  Under the rules, a successful vote for strike action will require a 50% minimum turnout and a majority vote in favour of industrial action.  Industrial action in important public services will require a strike vote of 40% of all eligible voters.  The recent Southern Rail and London Underground strikes would fail within these definitions.  The new legislation is not yet in force, however, draft statutory instruments have now been published which suggests the new laws will come into force on 1 March 2017.